Neck Pain content coming soon…
TYPES OF NECK PAIN
Cervical spondylosis is defined as arthosis of the posterior intervertebral joints in the cervical vertebrae. It is common in middle aged and the elderly
Prolonged neck pain with or without radiating pain to the arm
Tenderness in the cervical spine
Limitation of cervical movements
The neurological signs are confined to one or two roots
Physical agents and massage:
Control inflammation, control pain and muscle spasm, control stiffness of soft tissues and joints, assist mobility, increase blood supply and to relieve ischaemia.
Relaxed passive movements, strong isometrics, active assisted movements, active resisted movements, PNF techniques
It is a modality of choice for many cervical dysfunction. It is applicable in a wide range of problems from sprain to fractures and dislocation of the cervical vertebrae.
Postural and ergonomic exercises:
CERVICAL DISC PROLAPSE
The disc rupture may occur as a result of intrinsic changes in the disc substances or an injury. A part of gelatinous nucleus pulposus extrudes through a rent in the annulus fibrosus at the weakest part of the cervical spine. The C5 – C6 or C6 – C7 intervertebral levels are the common sites of disc protrusion.
The protrusion may be mild, moderate and severe
Same as above
Forward displacement of the upper cervical vertebra occurs in relation to the lower vertebra.
Mobility of the legs and arms is maintained along with strengthening techniques
Gradual mobilization of the cervical spine and progressive resistive techniques in the available range given with emphasis on isometrics for the cervical extensor group of muscles.
Typical torticollis posture presents with acute muscle spasm and pain. Mal alignment of the neck posture at night is the predisposing cause of acute inflammation. It is also be due to hysteria
Relaxed passive movements deep heating modality soothing superficial heat modality